Here’s a look at the top countries for magnesite mining as of 2017, as per the most recent data from the US Geological Survey.
Other sources of magnesium compounds include deposits of dolomite, forsterite and brucite, as well as magnesia-bearing brines and even seawater.
The US Geological Survey estimates that worldwide magnesite and brucite resources stand at 12 billion MT and several million MT, respectively, while resources for dolomite, forsterite and magnesite-bearing evaporite minerals together stand at similar levels.
In its latest report on magnesite compounds, the US Geological Survey looks specifically at magnesite production, noting that worldwide reserves currently sit at 7.8 billion MT. But what are the top countries for magnesite mining? Here’s a look at the nations that made the list in 2017.
Mine production: 18 million MT
China is the world’s top country for magnesite mining by far, accounting for roughly 66 percent of global output. The country’s production decreased slightly last year compared to 2016’s 18.6 million MT.
Prices for magnesium increased marginally last year due to higher demand from the auto industry. In the years to come prices could also be favorably affected by a dip in supply from China. The Asian nation is imposing stricter laws in favor of reducing pollution; that said, more production at the Qinghai Salt Lake smelter plant could counterbalance any reductions.
Mine production: 2.7 million MT
Coming in at a distant second to China is Turkey, whose magnesite output came to 2.7 million MT in 2017; that’s the same amount it produced in 2016. According to Industrial Minerals, Turkey has a long history of magnesite mining, both for export and for use at domestic refractories.
Akdeniz Mineral Resources, a joint venture with private company Grecian Magnesite, is a large producer and exporter of caustic calcined magnesite products in Turkey.
Mine production: 1.3 million MT
Production from magnesite mining in Russia stayed flat in 2017 at 1.3 million MT. New capacity is expected to come online in the country in the future.
Russian Mining Chemical Company is a private producer that operates an open-pit in open-cast mine with proven reserves of over 8 million tons of brucite. The company claims that over 100,000 tons of brucite are produced each year.
Mine production: 1.2 million MT
Brazil’s magnesite production increased by 100,000 MT in 2017. The country’s Magnesita Refratarios (BVMF:MAGG3) states that it holds one of the largest magnesite, dolomite and talcum reserves in the world.
Mine production: 730,000 MT
Austria saw a slight increase in magnesite mining in 2017, putting out 730,000 MT compared to 710,000 MT in 2016. Austrian magnesite producer Styromag operates five mines in the country; it produces roughly 120,000 tons of material per year.
Mine production: 570,000 MT
Slovakia produced 570,000 MT of magnesite in 2017, which is 10,000 MT more than it produced a year earlier. Slovakian producer SLOVMAG is majority owned by Russia’s Magnezit Group. It specializes in mining magnesite ore and producing refractory products from sintered magnesia.
Mine production: 450,000 MT
Australia recorded a slight increase in magnesite production in 2017 — its output rose to 450,000 MT from 425,000 MT the previous year. Queensland Magnesium, which is responsible for the bulk of Australia’s magnesite production, was acquired by global industrial minerals group Sibelco in April 2012.
Mine production: 400,000 MT
Greece produced 400,000 MT of magnesite in 2017, the same as the year before. The country is home to one of the top magnesia producers in the world, Grecian Magnesite, which has facilities in Spain, Turkey and the Netherlands. Greece’s magnesite mines and production facilities are located in Chalkidiki in Northern Greece.
Mine production: 310,000 MT
Spain’s magnesite output decreased in 2017, coming in at 310,000 MT compared with 300,000 MT in 2016. Spain’s Magnesitas Navarras is a leading European magnesia producer; currently the company holds the Antzeri and Sorianas magnesite-mining projects.
10. North Korea
Mine production: 300,000 MT
Rounding out the list, North Korea put out 300,000 MT of magnesite in 2017. According to Australian Mining, mining could continue to play a key role in North Korea’s economy. The country holds the second-largest reserves of magnesite in the world.
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Securities Disclosure: I, Amanda Kay, hold no direct investment interest in any company mentioned in this article.