Albemarle Reports Third Quarter Results

- November 4th, 2020

ALBemarle Corporation today announced its results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2020 . Third Quarter 2020 Highlights Net income of $98 million or $0.92 per diluted share; Adjusted diluted EPS of $1.09 Net sales of $747 million decreased by 15%, in-line with Q3 2020 outlook Adjusted EBITDA of $216 million decreased by 15%, exceeding the high-end of Q3 2020 outlook by 14% Our plants continue to operate …

ALBemarle Corporation (NYSE: ALB) today announced its results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2020 .

Third Quarter 2020 Highlights
(Unless otherwise stated, all percent changes are based on year-over-year comparisons)

  • Net income of $98 million , or $0.92 per diluted share; Adjusted diluted EPS of $1.09
  • Net sales of $747 million decreased by 15%, in-line with Q3 2020 outlook
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $216 million decreased by 15%, exceeding the high-end of Q3 2020 outlook by 14%
  • Our plants continue to operate without material impact from the COVID-19 pandemic
  • Increased cost savings: approximately $80 million of sustainable cost savings to be achieved in 2020
  • Maintained our quarterly dividend of $0.385 per share, an increase of approximately 5% over the quarterly dividend paid in 2019

Albemarle reported another solid quarter with Q3 2020 net sales in the upper end of our outlook range and adjusted EBITDA exceeding outlook. Our performance was driven by operating teams committed to running our businesses safely and efficiently in the face of pandemic-related economic weakness, and to our successful sustainable cost savings initiative,” said Albemarle CEO Kent Masters . “We now expect to realize approximately $80 million of cost savings this year and to reach an annual savings rate of $120 million or more by the end of 2021. We expect these savings to represent a first wave of ongoing operational improvements that will reap notable benefits for the company.”

Outlook

Albemarle anticipates that its full year 2020 performance will be lower year-over-year based on reduced global economic activity due to the global pandemic.

FY 2020 Outlook

Net sales

$3.05 – $3.15 billion

Adjusted EBITDA

$780 – $810 million

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

25% – 26%

Adj. Diluted EPS

$3.80 – $4.15

Net Cash from Operations

$660 – $710 million

Capital Expenditures

$850 – $900 million

COVID-19 Response

Albemarle’s cross-functional Global Response Team continues to meet biweekly to assess the situation and take necessary actions to address employee health and safety and operational challenges. Our first priority is always the health and well-being of our employees, customers, and communities. Beyond that, our focus has shifted from managing an immediate crisis to building in the flexibility needed to adjust for regional differences and changing conditions. Protocols including restricted travel, shift adjustments, increased hygiene, and social distancing for the essential workers at our plants remain in place at all locations. In some regions, employees are able to return to their work sites. Other regions, including most of North and South America , remain on work-from-home protocols for non-essential personnel.

Third Quarter Results

In millions, except per share amounts

Q3 2020

Q3 2019

$ Change

% Change

Net sales

$

746.9

$

879.7

$

(132.9)

(15.1)

%

Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

98.3

$

155.1

$

(56.8)

(36.6)

%

Adjusted EBITDA (a)

$

216.1

$

254.4

$

(38.3)

(15.1)

%

Diluted earnings per share

$

0.92

$

1.46

$

(0.54)

(37.0)

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items (a)

(0.02)

(0.01)

Non-recurring and other unusual items (a)

0.19

0.08

Adjusted diluted earnings per share (b)

$

1.09

$

1.53

$

(0.44)

(28.8)

%

(a)

See Non-GAAP Reconciliations for further details.

(b)

Totals may not add due to rounding.

Net sales of $746.9 million decreased by $132.9 million compared to the prior year quarter, primarily driven by the Catalysts and Lithium business segments as discussed below.

Adjusted EBITDA of $216.1 million decreased by $38.3 million from the prior year quarter due to lower net sales, which were partially offset by productivity and cost improvements. Similarly, net income attributable to Albemarle of $98.3 million decreased by $56.8 million from the prior year. Corporate costs including SG&A were down compared to the prior year period as a result of cost savings initiatives.

We have increased our sustainable cost savings and now expect to achieve approximately $80 million of sustainable savings in 2020, up from previous estimates of $50 to $70 million . We now expect these savings to reach a run-rate of more than $120 million by year-end 2021, up from previous estimates of more than $100 million . We continue to take short-term cash management measures and delay capital expenditures. Short-term savings are expected to average approximately $25 to $40 million per quarter. Full-year 2020 capital spending is now expected to be approximately $850 to $900 million .

The effective income tax rate for Q3 2020 was 25.2% compared to 15.5% in the same period in 2019. The difference is largely due to a change in the geographic mix of earnings and foreign uncertain tax positions and foreign return to accrual adjustments recorded in Q3 2020. On an adjusted basis, the effective income tax rates were 16.7% and 15.0% for the third quarter of 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Business Segment Results

Lithium

In millions

Q3 2020

Q3 2019

$ Change

% Change

Net Sales

$

265.6

$

330.4

$

(64.7)

(19.6)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

97.8

$

127.5

$

(29.7)

(23.3)

%

Lithium net sales of $265.6 million declined $64.7 million primarily due to lower contract and market pricing. Lower contract pricing reflects 2020 battery-grade price adjustments that were agreed to in late 2019. Adjusted EBITDA of $97.8 million declined by $29.7 million primarily due to reduced net sales as well as reduced Talison equity income. The decline was partially offset by cost savings initiatives and efficiency improvements.

Current Trends: We expect Q4 2020 adjusted EBITDA to be up between 10% and 20% compared to Q3 2020 as customers continue to meet planned volume commitments for FY 2020. We anticipate FY 2021 volumes to be relatively flat as plants are effectively sold out given volume constraints. Our Kemerton and La Negra expansion projects are expected to be commissioned in 2021 with sales volume beginning in 2022. FY 2021 pricing is expected to be down slightly primarily due to lower average realized pricing for carbonate and technical grade products.

Bromine Specialties

In millions

Q3 2020

Q3 2019

$ Change

% Change

Net Sales

$

237.2

$

256.3

$

(19.1)

(7.4)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

79.4

$

88.8

$

(9.4)

(10.5)

%

Bromine net sales of $237.2 million declined $19.1 million primarily due to lower volumes driven by the recent economic downturn related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Adjusted EBITDA of $79.4 million declined $9.4 million due to lower net sales, partially offset by cost savings initiatives.

Current Trends: We expect Q4 2020 adjusted EBITDA to be similar to Q3 2020. Stabilization in electronics and building and construction helps offset weakness in other end use markets. We expect FY 2021 results to improve slightly assuming continued economic recovery and on-going cost savings initiatives.

Catalysts

In millions

Q3 2020

Q3 2019

$ Change

% Change

Net Sales

$

197.9

$

261.3

$

(63.4)

(24.3)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

37.8

$

66.9

$

(29.1)

(43.5)

%

Catalysts net sales of $197.9 million declined $63.4 million due primarily to lower volumes. Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) volume improved sequentially, but remains below prior year due to lower transportation fuel consumption as a result of travel restrictions. Hydroprocessing Catalysts (HPC) volume was also down compared to the prior year due to normal lumpiness of shipments and softness related to lower oil prices and reduced fuel demand. Adjusted EBITDA of $37.8 million declined $29.1 million as a result of lower net sales offset by cost savings initiatives and efficiency improvements.

Current Trends: We expect Q4 2020 adjusted EBITDA to be down between 20% and 30% sequentially due to HPC volume and mix. FCC demand is expected to continue to gradually recover in line with increased travel and depletion of global gasoline inventories. HPC demand tends to be lumpier than FCC demand and is also expected to continue to be negatively impacted as refiners defer spending into 2021 and 2022. We expect FY 2021 results to continue to improve from the very low levels seen in FY 2020, but to remain well below pre-COVID demand levels, assuming a slow recovery of refinery capacity utilization and margins.

All Other

In millions

Q3 2020

Q3 2019

$ Change

% Change

Net Sales

$

46.1

$

31.7

$

14.4

45.2

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

25.0

$

10.4

$

14.5

139.1

%

Other operations represents our Fine Chemistry Services (FCS) business. FCS net sales of $46.1 million increased $14.4 million and adjusted EBITDA of $25.0 million increased $14.5 million . The FCS business tends to be contract driven. Recent contracts include life sciences products which are typically anti-cyclical.

Balance Sheet and Liquidity

As of September 30, 2020 , Albemarle had estimated liquidity of over $1.5 billion , including $702 million of cash and equivalents, $610 million remaining under our $1 billion revolver, and $223 million on other available credit lines. Total debt was $3.5 billion , representing net debt to adjusted EBITDA of approximately 3.2 times.

Cash Flow and Capital Deployment

Cash from operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 , of $461.7 million , increased $116.1 million versus the prior year as reduced working capital outflows and cost savings more than offset lower revenues. Capital expenditures of $621.4 million were in-line with the prior year as progress continued on our Lithium expansion projects.

Our primary capital allocation priorities are to maintain our investment grade rating and our quarterly dividend, while preserving our long-term growth profile.

In October, the board declared a quarterly dividend of $0.385 per share, an increase of approximately 5% over the quarterly dividend paid in 2019. We expect 2020 to be our 26th consecutive year of dividend increase, and the company remains committed to shareholder returns.

Our share repurchase authorization remains in place; however, there are no near-term plans to execute share buybacks. Divestiture activity is proceeding despite on-going travel restrictions.

Earnings Call

Date:

Thursday, November 5, 2020

Time:

9:00 AM Eastern time

Dial-in (U.S.):

844-347-1034

Dial-in (International):

209-905-5910

Passcode:

6829479

The Company’s earnings presentation and supporting material are available on Albemarle’s website at https://investors.albemarle.com .

About Albemarle

ALBemarle Corporation (NYSE: ALB), headquartered in Charlotte, N.C. , is a global specialty chemicals company with leading positions in lithium, bromine and refining catalysts. We think beyond business-as-usual to power the potential of companies in many of the world’s largest and most critical industries, such as energy, electronics, and transportation. We actively pursue a sustainable approach to managing our diverse global footprint of world-class resources. In conjunction with our highly experienced and talented global teams, our deep-seated values, and our collaborative customer relationships, we create value-added and performance-based solutions that enable a safer and more sustainable future.

We regularly post information to www.albemarle.com , including notification of events, news, financial performance, investor presentations and webcasts, non-GAAP reconciliations, SEC filings and other information regarding our company, its businesses and the markets it serves.

Forward-Looking Statements

Some of the information presented in this press release, the conference call and discussions that follow, including, without limitation, information related to product development, production capacity, committed volumes, market trends, pricing, expected growth, earnings and demand for our products, input costs, surcharges, tax rates, stock repurchases, dividends, cash flow generation, costs and cost synergies, capital projects, economic trends, outlook and all other information relating to matters that are not historical facts may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results could differ materially from the views expressed. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the outlook expressed or implied in any forward-looking statement include, without limitation: changes in economic and business conditions; changes in financial and operating performance of our major customers and industries and markets served by us; the timing of orders received from customers; the gain or loss of significant customers; competition from other manufacturers; changes in the demand for our products or the end-user markets in which our products are sold; limitations or prohibitions on the manufacture and sale of our products; availability of raw materials; increases in the cost of raw materials and energy, and our ability to pass through such increases to our customers; changes in our markets in general; fluctuations in foreign currencies; changes in laws and government regulation impacting our operations or our products; the occurrence of regulatory actions, proceedings, claims or litigation; the occurrence of cyber-security breaches, terrorist attacks, industrial accidents, natural disasters or climate change; the inability to maintain current levels of product or premises liability insurance or the denial of such coverage; political unrest affecting the global economy, including adverse effects from terrorism or hostilities; political instability affecting our manufacturing operations or joint ventures; changes in accounting standards; the inability to achieve results from our global manufacturing cost reduction initiatives as well as our ongoing continuous improvement and rationalization programs; changes in the jurisdictional mix of our earnings and changes in tax laws and rates; changes in monetary policies, inflation or interest rates that may impact our ability to raise capital or increase our cost of funds, impact the performance of our pension fund investments and increase our pension expense and funding obligations; volatility and uncertainties in the debt and equity markets; technology or intellectual property infringement, including cyber-security breaches, and other innovation risks; decisions we may make in the future; the ability to successfully execute, operate and integrate acquisitions and divestitures; uncertainties as to the duration and impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic; and the other factors detailed from time to time in the reports we file with the SEC, including those described under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K and our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release. We assume no obligation to provide any revisions to any forward-looking statements should circumstances change, except as otherwise required by securities and other applicable laws.

Albemarle Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts) (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Net sales

$

746,868

$

879,747

$

2,249,762

$

2,596,863

Cost of goods sold

492,812

569,880

1,520,329

1,677,596

Gross profit

254,056

309,867

729,433

919,267

Selling, general and administrative expenses

96,092

108,135

304,918

348,205

Research and development expenses

13,532

15,585

43,839

44,024

Operating profit

144,432

186,147

380,676

527,038

Interest and financing expenses

(19,227)

(11,108)

(53,964)

(35,295)

Other expenses, net

(3,661)

(11,316)

(1,620)

(7,090)

Income before income taxes and equity in net income of unconsolidated investments

121,544

163,723

325,092

484,653

Income tax expense

30,653

25,341

64,526

93,266

Income before equity in net income of unconsolidated investments

90,891

138,382

260,566

391,387

Equity in net income of unconsolidated investments (net of tax)

26,154

33,236

83,872

106,727

Net income

117,045

171,618

344,438

498,114

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

(18,744)

(16,548)

(53,309)

(55,277)

Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

98,301

$

155,070

$

291,129

$

442,837

Basic earnings per share

$

0.92

$

1.46

$

2.74

$

4.18

Diluted earnings per share

$

0.92

$

1.46

$

2.73

$

4.16

Weighted-average common shares outstanding – basic

106,386

105,999

106,314

105,920

Weighted-average common shares outstanding – diluted

106,873

106,299

106,640

106,324

Albemarle Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In Thousands) (Unaudited)

September 30,

December 31,

2020

2019

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

702,073

$

613,110

Trade accounts receivable

516,166

612,651

Other accounts receivable

61,522

67,551

Inventories

828,080

768,984

Other current assets

119,171

162,813

Total current assets

2,227,012

2,225,109

Property, plant and equipment

7,284,575

6,817,843

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

2,041,851

1,908,370

Net property, plant and equipment

5,242,724

4,909,473

Investments

603,745

579,813

Other assets

211,534

213,061

Goodwill

1,603,049

1,578,785

Other intangibles, net of amortization

343,919

354,622

Total assets

$

10,231,983

$

9,860,863

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

465,644

$

574,138

Accrued expenses

477,510

576,297

Current portion of long-term debt

603,787

187,336

Dividends payable

40,787

38,764

Income taxes payable

25,011

32,461

Total current liabilities

1,612,739

1,408,996

Long-term debt

2,940,533

2,862,921

Postretirement benefits

49,926

50,899

Pension benefits

285,942

292,073

Other noncurrent liabilities

612,013

754,536

Deferred income taxes

405,449

397,858

Commitments and contingencies

Equity:

Albemarle Corporation shareholders’ equity:

Common stock

1,065

1,061

Additional paid-in capital

1,410,534

1,383,446

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(398,467)

(395,735)

Retained earnings

3,111,749

2,943,478

Total Albemarle Corporation shareholders’ equity

4,124,881

3,932,250

Noncontrolling interests

200,500

161,330

Total equity

4,325,381

4,093,580

Total liabilities and equity

$

10,231,983

$

9,860,863

Albemarle Corporation and Subsidiaries
Selected Consolidated Cash Flow Data
(In Thousands) (Unaudited)

Nine Months Ended
September 30,

2020

2019

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

$

613,110

$

555,320

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net income

344,438

498,114

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flows from operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

170,214

156,718

Gain on sale of property

(11,079)

Stock-based compensation and other

15,864

15,169

Equity in net income of unconsolidated investments (net of tax)

(83,872)

(106,727)

Dividends received from unconsolidated investments and nonmarketable securities

61,309

62,982

Pension and postretirement (benefit) expense

(4,975)

1,641

Pension and postretirement contributions

(10,323)

(10,728)

Unrealized gain on investments in marketable securities

(3,377)

(1,701)

Deferred income taxes

7,920

7,726

Working capital changes

(167,436)

(289,587)

Other, net

131,952

23,110

Net cash provided by operating activities

461,714

345,638

Cash flows from investing activities:

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

(22,572)

Capital expenditures

(621,371)

(608,456)

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

10,356

Sales of marketable securities, net

1,208

1,177

Investments in equity and other corporate investments

(786)

(2,569)

Net cash used in investing activities

(643,521)

(599,492)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Repayments of borrowings from credit agreements

(250,000)

Proceeds from borrowings of credit agreements

452,163

Other borrowings, net

202,786

232,183

Dividends paid to shareholders

(120,836)

(113,321)

Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests

(14,286)

(57,212)

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

16,925

4,814

Withholding taxes paid on stock-based compensation award distributions

(4,803)

(10,774)

Debt financing costs

(2,751)

Other

(445)

Net cash provided by financing activities

279,198

55,245

Net effect of foreign exchange on cash and cash equivalents

(8,428)

(38,888)

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

88,963

(237,497)

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

702,073

$

317,823

Albemarle Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Summary of Segment Results
(In Thousands) (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Net sales:

Lithium

$

265,646

$

330,386

$

786,186

$

947,030

Bromine Specialties

237,193

256,267

701,564

760,752

Catalysts

197,919

261,346

602,179

779,295

All Other

46,110

31,748

159,833

109,786

Total net sales

$

746,868

$

879,747

$

2,249,762

$

2,596,863

Adjusted EBITDA:

Lithium

$

97,789

$

127,459

$

270,962

$

384,854

Bromine Specialties

79,448

88,814

235,751

248,743

Catalysts

37,834

66,944

108,081

193,890

All Other

24,985

10,448

66,407

28,931

Corporate

(24,001)

(39,314)

(83,588)

(114,300)

Total adjusted EBITDA

$

216,055

$

254,351

$

597,613

$

742,118

See accompanying non-GAAP reconciliations below.

Additional Information

It should be noted that adjusted net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation, adjusted diluted earnings per share, non-operating pension and OPEB items per diluted share, non-recurring and other unusual items per diluted share, adjusted effective income tax rates, EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, EBITDA margin and adjusted EBITDA margin are financial measures that are not required by, or presented in accordance with, accounting principles generally accepted in the United States , or GAAP. These non-GAAP measures should not be considered as alternatives to Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation (“earnings”). These measures are presented here to provide additional useful measurements to review our operations, provide transparency to investors and enable period-to-period comparability of financial performance. The Company’s chief operating decision maker uses these measures to assess the ongoing performance of the Company and its segments, as well as for business and enterprise planning purposes.

A description of other non-GAAP financial measures that we use to evaluate our operations and financial performance, and reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and reported in accordance with GAAP can be found on the following pages of this press release, which is also is available on Albemarle’s website at https://investors.albemarle.com . The Company does not provide a reconciliation of forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and reported in accordance with GAAP, as the Company is unable to estimate significant non-recurring or unusual items without unreasonable effort. The amounts and timing of these items are uncertain and could be material to the Company’s results calculated in accordance with GAAP.

ALBEMARLE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Non-GAAP Reconciliations

(Unaudited)

See below for a reconciliation of adjusted net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA, the non-GAAP financial measures, to Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation (“earnings”), the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and reported in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted earnings is defined as earnings before the non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items as listed below. EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest and financing expenses, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as EBITDA and the non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items as listed below.

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

In thousands, except percentages and per share amounts

2020

2019

2020

2019

Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

98,301

$

155,070

$

291,129

$

442,837

Add back:

Non-operating pension and OPEB items (net of tax)

(2,294)

(543)

(6,904)

(1,805)

Non-recurring and other unusual items (net of tax)

20,278

8,497

29,678

17,239

Adjusted net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

116,285

$

163,024

$

313,903

$

458,271

Adjusted diluted earnings per share

$

1.09

$

1.53

$

2.94

$

4.31

Weighted-average common shares outstanding – diluted

106,873

106,299

106,640

106,324

Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

98,301

$

155,070

$

291,129

$

442,837

Add back:

Interest and financing expenses

19,227

11,108

53,964

35,295

Income tax expense

30,653

25,341

64,526

93,266

Depreciation and amortization

58,679

54,487

170,214

156,718

EBITDA

206,860

246,006

579,833

728,116

Non-operating pension and OPEB items

(2,901)

(551)

(8,704)

(1,810)

Non-recurring and other unusual items

12,096

8,896

26,484

15,812

Adjusted EBITDA

$

216,055

$

254,351

$

597,613

$

742,118

Net sales

$

746,868

$

879,747

$

2,249,762

$

2,596,863

EBITDA margin

27.7

%

28.0

%

25.8

%

28.0

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

28.9

%

28.9

%

26.6

%

28.6

%

See below for a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA on a segment basis, the non-GAAP financial measure, to Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation, the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and reported in accordance with GAAP (in thousands, except percentages).

Lithium

Bromine Specialties

Catalysts

Reportable Segments Total

All Other

Corporate

Consolidated Total

% of Net Sales

Three months ended September 30, 2020

Net income (loss) attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

69,102

$

66,548

$

25,176

$

160,826

$

22,798

$

(85,323)

$

98,301

13.2

%

Depreciation and amortization

28,687

12,900

12,658

54,245

2,187

2,247

58,679

7.9

%

Non-recurring and other unusual items

12,096

12,096

1.6

%

Interest and financing expenses

19,227

19,227

2.6

%

Income tax expense

30,653

30,653

4.1

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items

(2,901)

(2,901)

(0.4)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

97,789

$

79,448

$

37,834

$

215,071

$

24,985

$

(24,001)

$

216,055

28.9

%

Three months ended September 30, 2019

Net income (loss) attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

102,136

$

75,224

$

54,345

$

231,705

$

8,305

$

(84,940)

$

155,070

17.6

%

Depreciation and amortization

25,212

12,448

12,599

50,259

2,143

2,085

54,487

6.2

%

Non-recurring and other unusual items

111

1,142

1,253

7,643

8,896

1.0

%

Interest and financing expenses

11,108

11,108

1.3

%

Income tax expense

25,341

25,341

2.9

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items

(551)

(551)

(0.1)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

127,459

$

88,814

$

66,944

$

283,217

$

10,448

$

(39,314)

$

254,351

28.9

%

Nine months ended September 30, 2020

Net income (loss) attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

188,380

$

198,905

$

70,770

$

458,055

$

60,069

$

(226,995)

$

291,129

12.9

%

Depreciation and amortization

82,582

36,846

37,311

156,739

6,338

7,137

170,214

7.6

%

Non-recurring and other unusual items

26,484

26,484

1.2

%

Interest and financing expenses

53,964

53,964

2.4

%

Income tax expense

64,526

64,526

2.9

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items

(8,704)

(8,704)

(0.4)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

270,962

$

235,751

$

108,081

$

614,794

$

66,407

$

(83,588)

$

597,613

26.6

%

Nine months ended September 30, 2019

Net income (loss) attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

312,609

$

212,320

$

156,328

$

681,257

$

22,629

$

(261,049)

$

442,837

17.1

%

Depreciation and amortization

71,669

35,281

37,562

144,512

6,302

5,904

156,718

6.0

%

Non-recurring and other unusual items

576

1,142

1,718

14,094

15,812

0.6

%

Interest and financing expenses

35,295

35,295

1.4

%

Income tax expense

93,266

93,266

3.6

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items

(1,810)

(1,810)

(0.1)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

384,854

$

248,743

$

193,890

$

827,487

$

28,931

$

(114,300)

$

742,118

28.6

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items, consisting of mark-to-market actuarial gains/losses, settlements/curtailments, interest cost and expected return on assets, are not allocated to our operating segments and are included in the Corporate category. In addition, we believe that these components of pension cost are mainly driven by market performance, and we manage these separately from the operational performance of our businesses. In accordance with GAAP, these non-operating pension and OPEB items are included in Other (expenses) income, net. Non-operating pension and OPEB items were as follows (in thousands):

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Interest cost

$

7,164

$

8,863

$

21,452

$

26,501

Expected return on assets

(10,065)

(9,414)

(30,156)

(28,311)

Total

$

(2,901)

$

(551)

$

(8,704)

$

(1,810)

In addition to the non-operating pension and OPEB items disclosed above, we have identified certain other items and excluded them from our adjusted net income calculation for the periods presented. A listing of these items, as well as a detailed description of each follows below (per diluted share):

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Restructuring and other (1)

$

0.02

$

$

0.08

$

0.05

Acquisition and integration related costs (2)

0.04

0.03

0.10

0.10

Gain on sale of property (3)

(0.08)

Other (4)

0.02

0.05

0.01

0.07

Discrete tax items (5)

0.11

0.09

0.02

Total non-recurring and other unusual items

$

0.19

$

0.08

$

0.28

$

0.16

(1)

In 2020, we recorded severance expenses as part of business reorganization plans, impacting each of our businesses and Corporate, primarily in the U.S., Germany and with our Jordanian joint venture partner. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, we recorded $2.3 million ($1.7 million after income taxes, or $0.02 per share) of severance expenses in Selling, general and administrative expenses. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we recorded severance expenses in Cost of goods sold, Selling, general and administrative expenses and Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest of $0.7 million, $10.4 million and a $0.3 million gain ($7.9 million after income taxes, or $0.08 per share), respectively. The balance of unpaid severance is recorded in Accrued expenses and is expected to primarily be paid through 2021. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, severance expenses of  $5.3 million ($4.9 million after income taxes, or $0.05 per share) were recorded in Selling, general and administrative expenses as part of a business reorganization plan primarily in Catalysts, Lithium and Corporate.

(2)

Costs related to the acquisition, integration and potential divestitures for various significant projects, recorded in Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 of $5.9 million and $14.3 million ($4.6 million and $11.1 million after income taxes, or $0.04 and $0.10 per share), respectively, and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 of $4.1 million and $14.4 million ($3.2 million and $11.1 million after income taxes, or $0.03 and $0.10 per share), respectively.

(3)

Included in Other (expenses) income, net, for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is a gain of $11.1 million ($8.5 million after income taxes, or $0.08 per share) related to the sale of land in Pasadena, Texas not used as part of our operations.

(4)

Other adjustments for the three months ended September 30, 2020 included amounts recorded in:

Selling, general and administrative expenses – $3.8 million of a net expense primarily relating to the increase of environmental reserves at at non-operating businesses we have previously divested.

Other (expenses) income, net – $0.2 million loss resulting from the settlement of a historical legal matter of an acquired company.

After income taxes, these charges totaled $2.7 million, or $0.02 per share.

Other adjustments for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 included amounts recorded in:

Selling, general and administrative expenses – $3.8 million of a net expense primarily relating to the increase of environmental reserves at sites that we are no longer operating and are in the process of sellin.

Other expenses, net – $2.5 million net gain resulting from the settlement of legal matters related to a business sold or a site in the process of being sold, and $0.8 million net gain primarily relating to the sale of idle properties in Germany, partially offset by a $0.8 million loss resulting from the adjustment of indemnifications related to previously disposed businesses.

After income taxes, these charges totaled $1.0 million, or $0.01 per share.

Other adjustments for the three months ended September 30, 2019 included amounts recorded in:

Cost of goods sold – $0.1 million related to non-routine labor and compensation related costs in Chile that were outside normal compensation arrangements.

Selling, general and administrative expenses – $1.1 million of a write-off of uncollectable accounts receivable from a terminated distributor in the Bromine Specialties segment.

Other expenses, net – $3.1 million of unrecoverable vendor costs outside the operations of the business related to the construction of the future Kemerton production facility, as well as a net loss of $0.4 million primarily resulting from the settlement of legal matters related to previously disposed businesses or recorded in purchase accounting.

After income taxes, these charges totaled $5.4 million, or $0.05 per share.

Other adjustments for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 included amounts recorded in:

Cost of goods sold – $0.6 million related to non-routine labor and compensation related costs in Chile that were outside normal compensation arrangements.

Selling, general and administrative expenses – $1.0 million of shortfall contributions for our multiemployer plan financial improvement plan and $1.1 million of a write-off of uncollectable accounts receivable from a terminated distributor in the Bromine Specialities segment.

Other expenses, net – $3.1 million of unrecoverable vendor costs outside the operations of the business related to the construction of the future Kemerton production facility, a net loss of $0.4 million primarily resulting from the settlement of legal matters related to previously disposed businesses or recorded in purchase accounting, and $0.9 million of a net loss primarily resulting from the revision of indemnifications and other liabilities related to previously disposed businesses.

After income taxes, these charges totaled $7.4 million or $0.07 per share.

(5)

Included in Income tax expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 are discrete net tax expenses of $11.3 million, or $0.11 per share, and $9.7 million, or $0.09 per share, respectively. The net expense for the three months is primarily related to expenses for foreign uncertain tax positions and foreign return to accrual adjustments. The net expense for the nine months is primarily related to expenses for foreign uncertain tax positions and foreign return to accrual adjustments, partially offset by a benefit for excess tax benefits realized from stock-based compensation arrangements.

Included in Income tax expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 are discrete net tax expenses of $2.3 million, or $0.02 per share. This net expense is primarily related to expenses for uncertain tax positions and foreign return to accrual adjustments, partially offset by a benefit for excess tax benefits realized from stock-based compensation arrangements.

See below for a reconciliation of the adjusted effective income tax rate, the non-GAAP financial measure, to the effective income tax rate, the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and reported in accordance with GAAP (in thousands, except percentages).

Income before income taxes and equity in net income of unconsolidated investments

Income tax expense

Effective income tax rate

Three months ended September 30, 2020

As reported

$

121,544

$

30,653

25.2

%

Non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items

9,195

(8,789)

As adjusted

$

130,739

$

21,864

16.7

%

Three months ended September 30, 2019

As reported

$

163,723

$

25,341

15.5

%

Non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items

8,345

391

As adjusted

$

172,068

$

25,732

15.0

%

Nine months ended September 30, 2020

As reported

$

325,092

$

64,526

19.8

%

Non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items

18,101

(4,994)

As adjusted

$

343,193

$

59,532

17.4

%

Nine months ended September 30, 2019

As reported

$

484,653

$

93,266

19.2

%

Non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items

14,002

(1,432)

As adjusted

$

498,655

$

91,834

18.4

%

Cision View original content to download multimedia: http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/albemarle-reports-third-quarter-results-301166593.html

SOURCE Albemarle Corporation

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