Ethically-Sourced Cobalt for Europe’s Rapidly-Growing EV Market
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21C Metals (CSE:BULL;FWB:DCR1;OTC:DCNNF) is an exploration company focused on the acquisition and development of palladium and copper/cobalt. Both metals are critical to the vehicle industry, both currently and in the future. Presently, there is an acute shortage of palladium, needed for catalytic converters in today’s stringent emission control environment. Additionally, cobalt is a critical element of the ever-growing electric vehicle industry, most notably in EV batteries and associated charging stations.
21C’s palladium property is 992 hectares located in Northern Ontario, 90 km west of Sudbury. The property benefits from previous drilling, surface trenching and geophysics. There is a current 43-101 compliant resource estimating 11.1m tonnes of ore grading 1.46g/T PdEq.
21C’s flagship Tisova copper-cobalt property is comprised of 327-hectares of mineral concessions in the Czech Republic and 7,710-hectares of mineral concessions in Germany. The property is also strategically located within 150 kilometers of several electric vehicle (EV) battery plants in Europe.
21C’s management team has an extensive background in financing publicly- and privately-traded mining and exploration companies. Their experience is complimented by their advisors and board members all of whom have extensive experience in mining and exploration. Several of the members of 21C’s board were involved in the successful exit of US Cobalt, in an all-share deal valuing USCO at $150 million. USCO and its Idaho cobalt property were sold to First Cobalt in 2018.
- Providing an ethically-sourced option for cobalt end-users.
- Extensive exploration history at Tisova property.
- Tisova property is strategically located within 150 kilometers of several EV battery plants.
- Grades of 0.69 percent cobalt, 17.1 percent copper, 3.7 g/t gold and 178 g/t silver have been recovered.
- Reportedly produced 560,000 tonnes of copper ore between 1959 and 1973.
- Led by strong and experienced management team, advisory board and board of directors.
The Rising Demand for Cobalt
Cobalt is a main component in lithium-ion batteries, which can be found in many electrical devices such as smartphones, solar and wind energy storage, laptops and more. Cobalt is also used as a super alloy for hard metals used in manufacturing, ceramics and pigments and in other chemical applications.
However, cobalt’s most important application has been in the EV market. The International Energy Agency is forecasting that EVs will grow from 3 million in 2018 to 125 million by 2030. The market’s growth is being driven by clean energy initiatives adopted by countries across the globe, but especially in Europe and China.
In order to meet the demand placed on battery manufacturers, battery megafactories will need to increase their output significantly. To put this into perspective, the 2017 lithium-ion megafactory capacity was estimated at 100 gigawatt hours and is expected to reach 998 gigawatt hours by 2018.
Despite the rising demand for cobalt, there are a few obstacles the industry must overcome in order to meet the demand. The first and foremost of these is ethically-sourced cobalt. Currently, the Democratic Republic of Congo is responsible for producing approximately 66 percent of the world’s cobalt. However, the country has been linked to child labour, human rights abuse and environmental issues as well as being politically-unstable and conflict-ridden.
This has caused concerns about securing steady and ethically-sourced supplies of cobalt. In early November 2018, for example, Glencore’s (LSE:GLEN) Katanga Mining (TSX:KAT) had to suspend its operations due to high uranium concentrations in the ore they’ve been extracting at the company’s Kamoto mine. The company expects to resume its operations sometime next year. In the meantime, this is could potentially affect EV sales long-term, if other sources of cobalt are not developed and brought to the market.
Companies, such as Tesla (NASDAQ:TSLA), have also begun looking at alternative battery chemistries with the idea of reducing the amount of cobalt needed in lithium-ion batteries. According to various sources, this is not about to change anytime soon. Benchmark Mineral Intelligence believes that the use of the 811 nickel-cobalt-manganese (NCM) battery won’t make much of an impact on the market until sometime after 2021. Additionally, many companies are looking at recycling to help ease the demands of the EV market. Current and near-term recycling technology will do little to abate the ever-increasing demands for cobalt.
Tisova Copper-Cobalt Project
In October 2018, 21C (formerly Declan Cobalt) acquired all the shares of both Tisova Pty Ltd. and TGER Pty Ltd., the previous owners of 327-hectares of mineral concessions in the Czech Republic and 7,710-hectares of mineral concessions in Germany. The concessions are less than 150 kilometers from several EV battery plants, including BMW’s (ETR:BMW) future factory in Erfurt.
Mining at the property was first recorded in the thirteenth century. By the sixteenth century, it is reported that over 2,000 workers were working in three underground mines and recovered copper grades of five percent copper. The copper produced was smelted locally in several areas in the Tisova valley. Mining in the area also sparked a local industry for the production of copper and brass fabrication and musical instrument manufacturing, the latter of which is still done today.
In 1899, modern-style mining methods were introduced to the area when the Klingenthal-Graslitzer Copper Mining Company was founded. Between 1900 and 1904, the Erhard-August-shaft was sunk to a depth of 100 meters and a 1,813-meter-long cross-cut was established.
In 1918, the Graslitz region was included into the newly-founded country of Czechoslovakia and the new political environment resulted in the closure of the mill on the Saxon side. Between 1923 and 1929, the buildings and treatment plants that the Klingenthal-Graslitzer Copper Mining Company built were demolished.
As the Communist regime exerted its power in the region, the Czech State Mining Company Operation was established and was in operation between 1959 and 1973. During this time, it is reported that the underground mine produced 560,000 tonnes of ore grading 0.68 percent copper. Between 1959 and 1992, a total of 25,985 meters of surface drilling was completed as well as a total of 14,299 meters of underground drilling.
In 2017, the previous operator on the property completed 1,340 meters of drilling. In total, over 30 kilometers of underground development are available today for further development and exploration. Additionally, historic grab samples were recovered from waste dumps that assayed up to 0.69 percent cobalt, 17.1 percent copper, 3.7 g/t gold and 178 g/t silver. There has also been reports of sulphide zones that have a true thickness of 100 meters with higher-grade copper horizons that have formed lenses of up to five meters wide.
Currently, 21C Metals has recently completed its first exploration program on the property. The program included detailed 3D resistivity and chargeability survey, a magnetic survey, structural mapping, 3D modelling and sampling of known showings. The goal of the program was to identify drill targets for use in future exploration programs.
Tisova magnetite-copper-cobalt mineralization from the mineral collection at Charles University, Prague
Wayne Tisdale — President and Director
Mr. Tisdale has 40 years of experience in investing, financing and consulting to private and public companies in the areas of mining, oil and gas, and agriculture. He runs his own merchant bank and sits on the board of a number of private and public companies. Over his career, Mr. Tisdale has raised over $2bn of both equity and debt financing and has been instrumental in founding several highly successful companies, including Rainy River Resources (purchased by Newgold) and Ryland Oil Corporation (purchased by Crescent Point). Most recently, Mr. Tisdale was integral to the successful sale of US Cobalt to First Cobalt Corporation, creating a post-transaction cobalt company valued at almost $400 million.
Michelle Gahagan — Chair and Director
Ms. Gahagan has been a director of 21C Metals Inc. since January, 2011. Ms. Gahagan is currently a director of Moovly Media Inc (TSXV: MVY) and Versus Systems Inc. (CSE: VS). Prior to her involvement in merchant banking, Ms. Gahagan graduated from Queens University Law School and practiced corporate law for 20 years. Ms. Gahagan has extensive experience advising companies with respect to international tax-driven structures, mergers and acquisitions. Ms. Gahagan has successfully completed the Investment Management Certificate course offered by the Financial Conduct Authority (UK). Most recently, Ms. Gahagan was integral to the successful sale of US Cobalt to First Cobalt Corporation, creating a post-transaction cobalt company valued at almost $400 million.
Kelsey Chin — CFO and Corporate Secretary
Ms. Chin, a Chartered Professional Accountant, has over 15 years of experience in audit, finance and accounting within the mining, exploration and technology industries. She has served as director and executive officer for several publicly traded companies where she was responsible for all aspects of financial services, financial reporting, corporate governance, and has led numerous financings, mergers and acquisitions to successful completion.
Garry Clark — Director
Mr. Clark is a geologist (P Geo) with over 30 years of mineral exploration experience and has held various geological positions with a number of public mining companies. Mr. Clark has extensive experience in managing large scale exploration and development programs internationally including Asia and North America, and has worked extensively in the Hemlo and Wawa districts. He is the Executive Director of the Ontario Prospectors Association (OPA) and currently serves on the Minister of Mines Mining Act Advisory Committee. Most recently, Mr. Clark was integral to the successful sale of US Cobalt to First Cobalt Corporation, creating a post-transaction cobalt company valued at almost $400 million.
Bryce Tisdale — Director
Mr. Tisdale has several years of finance and capital markets experience. He formerly worked as an investment advisor at Jordan Capital Markets and Leede Financial Markets Inc., specializing in financing venture capital companies.
Jamie Newall — Director
Mr. Newall is an experienced senior executive director, having served as a director or executive officer of numerous publicly listed companies. He was Investment Director of Intrepid Financial, an incubator of natural resource companies for eight years. More recently he has been interim CEO of Conversis, one of the UK’s leading language service providers and is Voluntary CEO of Oracle Cancer Trust, the UK’s largest head and neck cancer research charity. Mr. Newall is a graduate of Cambridge University and holds a Masters Degree in Law.
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