Cobalt

TSXV:CCW

Canada Silver Cobalt Works

TSXV:CCW

Focused on Silver and Cobalt – Essential Metals in Renewable Energy

​Company Highlights

  • A dual-focus silver and battery metals exploration and development company with properties in Northern Ontario and Quebec.
  • In Ontario, the recent discovery of the world’s highest-grade silver deposit at Castle East with the added benefit of a high-grade cobalt byproduct and a mini-mill to process the high-grade silver to produce silver dore bars.
  • Gold exploration planned at the highly prospective Eby-Otto property close to Agnico Eagle’s high-grade gold Macassa Mine near Kirkland Lake.
  • In Quebec, an exciting discovery at Graal of massive sulphides deposits containing high grades of nickel and copper and also with lower grades of cobalt, platinum and palladium.
  • Proprietary Re-2Ox metallurgical extraction ESG-compliant process that has been proven to produce cobalt and nickel sulphates that match the specifications needed by the EV battery manufacturers in Asia.
  • Silver, cobalt, nickel and copper are essential metals in renewable energy technology. Cobalt is used in three of the four main types of lithium-ion electric car batteries, and silver is used in 90 percent of crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells in solar panels. Nickel is used in EV batteries and copper is used for grid and electric car wiring.
  • The company acquired a 10-acre property fronting Highway 11 near Cobalt, ON, to be used as central hub for all of the Company's Ontario and Quebec operations.

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Overview

Canada Silver Cobalt Works Inc. (TSXV:CCW,OTCQB:CCWOF,FWB:4T9B) has 100 percent ownership of the past-producing silver-cobalt Castle mine and the 78 sq. km Castle Property with strong exploration upside in the prolific past producing Gowganda high-grade Silver Camp of Northern Ontario.

Canada Silver Cobalt Works

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Overview

Canada Silver Cobalt Works Inc. (TSXV:CCW,OTCQB:CCWOF,FWB:4T9B) has 100 percent ownership of the past-producing silver-cobalt Castle mine and the 78 sq. km Castle Property with strong exploration upside in the prolific past producing Gowganda high-grade Silver Camp of Northern Ontario.

Gowganda Area Property

The Company's acquisition of the Temiskaming Testing Laboratories (TTL) in Cobalt, Ontario, the only facility in the Northern Ontario Silver-Cobalt District that combines bullion pouring, bulk sampling, commercial assaying and e-waste processing, makes Canada Silver Cobalt a vertically integrated leader in Canada's Silver-Cobalt heartland.

The company also has the Re-2OX Process, an environmentally friendly solution for producing technical grade cobalt sulphate as well as nickel-manganese-cobalt (NMC) formulations.

The company recently announced that it has engaged SGS Canada's Lakefield Testing Facility to design a Re-2Ox pilot plant, and to continue testing test the Re-2Ox process for expanded uses.

A notable highlight of recent drilling on the property is the discovery in the Castle East Robinson Zone of massive native silver grades of up to 89,853 g/t silver (2,621 oz/ton) over 0.3 meters, with intercepts also showing cobalt grades up to 2.2 percent Co. Further drilling has greatly expanded the potential scale of the discovery.

Drill core

Drill core with 89,853 g/t silver over 0.3 meters

On May 28, 2020, the company announced a sizeable Maiden Inferred Resource estimate of 7.6 million ounces of high-grade silver grading an extraordinary 8,582 g/t (250.2 oz/ton) silver the highest-grade silver resource in the world. The company is intending to update this resource estimate based on the 60,000-meter drill program completed at the property – and the discovery of several new high-grade silver veins – since the initial resource estimate (which was based on only one vein).

The Robinson Zone is 1.5 km east of the Castle Mine's adit and two of its previous mine shafts when it was a past producer in the 1900s. The company intends to restart the mine and is proceeding with various work including permitting towards the goal.

The Robinson Zone

Agnico Eagle Mines Limited (TSX:AEM) operated the Castle mine in the 1980s when it was considered to be the highest-grade silver mine in the camp with an average mining grade over 10 years of 26 ounces per ton silver (approx.800 grams per tonne silver). In its history, the mine produced 9.6 million oz silver and 300,000 lbs of cobalt as a by-product.

CCW is in a good position to take high-grade ore and process it into silver bars at TTL. In its initial years in the Cobalt Camp, Agnico Eagle processed high-grade silver ore at the TTL bulk facility and poured 1.6 million oz of silver annually into bars using TTL's bullion furnace. Other companies also produced another 1 million oz silver per year.

CCW\u2019s TTL Facility in Cobalt, Ontario

CCW’s TTL Facility in Cobalt, Ontario

Also in the works at CCW is the design, planning and permitting for a ramp going down to the extremely high-grade silver discovery in the Robinson Zone at Castle East at about the 500 meter level.

Gold Zone, Robinson Zone and Ramp Portal
Castle East High-Grade Silver Deposit

On Track for Silver and Battery Metals Production

Canada Silver Cobalt Works Inc. (TSXV:CCW, OTCQB:CCWOF, FWB:4T9B) is a dual-focus silver and battery metals (nickel, copper, cobalt) exploration/development company with operations in Northern Ontario and Quebec.

These metals are all classified as energy metals involved in the electrification trend underway around the world and they will continue to be in demand for many years to come.

The Company has two major projects underway – Castle East and Graal – with exciting announcements in the coming weeks/months.

Upcoming Catalysts:

  • Update of the silver resource estimate (with cobalt byproduct) at the Castle East deposit, which has the highest silver grades in the world. The update will include several new high-grade silver-cobalt veins discovered since the last estimate (based on only 1 vein) was published;
  • Additional drill results from the Graal project in Northern Quebec where the company has drilled into major sulphides containing nickel, copper and cobalt;
  • Completion of environmental baseline studies and the filing of an application for permits to build a ramp to access the high-grade silver veins at Castle East that will be processed into silver dore bars at the company’s fully permitted TTL ‘mini-mill’ facility in nearby Cobalt, Ontario;
  • Engineering work for a PEA to assess the economics of constructing the ramp down to the high-grade veins at around the 500m level, which will include revenues from the silver processed from large bulk samples that can be extracted and providing the company with the ability to drill from underground to further expand the size of the deposit.

Fast-Tracking Silver Production (with cobalt byproduct)

Canada Silver Cobalt is following a fast-track development model in Ontario towards producing silver along with battery metal cobalt as a byproduct – both 'energy' metals needed to advance the world's alternative energy future.

Instead of the traditional route taken by mining companies to stretch out development over many years in a series of steps – exploration drilling, then resource studies, then engineering studies, followed by permitting – Canada Silver Cobalt is doing all of these at the same time in what it describes as “real time" mine development.

As the Company conducts its drill program and advances the resource estimate at its spectacular high-grade silver-cobalt deposit at Castle East, it also is doing the environmental studies and preparing the applications for permits to construct a ramp down to the 500-meter level in order to extract the very high-grade silver-cobalt it has discovered there. The Company is also working on the engineering for the ramp and organizing contractors for constructing the ramp when the permits are received. Once the high-grade material is extracted, the Company can use its 100 percent owned “mini-mill" facility nearby which during past mining in the area produced as much as 2.5 million ounces of silver annually for mining companies when it operated as a government facility in the 1900s.

If all goes well, Canada Silver Cobalt could be producing enough silver to pay for the ramp construction in a very short time frame and also fund additional exploration/development of its properties.

The Company is also working on optimizing its proprietary, environmentally-compliant Re-2Ox extraction process technology which has been proven in lab tests to produce cobalt sulphate (and nickel and copper sulphates) in line with the strict specifications –for both quality and environmentally -- manufacturers require for EV batteries.

The Company also has other initiatives underway that will advance its position in the precious and battery metals market including exploration of gold properties in Ontario and nickel-copper-cobalt properties in northern Quebec.

The Castle mine has fully-permitted access to its underground workings, providing the company with a significant advantage when it comes to putting the mine back into production. CCW has used its adit access for underground drilling and bulk sampling on Level 1 in preparation to resume mining.

Underground drilling on Level 1 at Castle recently discovered an exceptionally high-grade silver-cobalt vein structure. Initial drill results include seven meters grading 2.28 percent cobalt, 261 g/t silver and 1.65 percent nickel, 2.54 meters grading 1.87 percent cobalt, 4,763 g/t silver, 1.29 percent nickel and 1.19 g/t gold and 0.60 meters grading 3.16 percent cobalt and 10,741 g/t silver.

In a surprising development, high-grade gold of up to 22.7 g/t was unexpectedly discovered – along with high-grade cobalt, silver and nickel – in underground drilling on Level 1 in late 2019 (results announced on January 3, 2020).

In addition to the company's exploration efforts, CCW is working on obtaining an amendment to its existing advanced exploration permit so the company can move ahead with its proposed tailings program. Recent testing of material from the Castle mine's historical tailings pond has returned a calculated head assay of 459 g/t silver and produced a high-purity flotation concentrate grading 18,486 g/t silver with an initial recovery of 70 percent.

The company's on-site proprietary gravity separation pilot plant has produced an 8.25 percent cobalt concentrate from a waste pile left by previous operators. Head grades of the material from the waste pile tested graded 0.390 percent cobalt and 1,905 g/t silver.

Canada Silver Cobalt Works is led by Chairman and CEO Frank Basa, who has over 30 years of global experience in mining and development as a professional hydro-metallurgical engineer with expertise in milling, gravity concentration, flotation, leaching and refining of silver, cobalt, gold and other metals. Basa is also responsible for developing the company's proprietary Re-2OX hydrometallurgical process, an environmentally-friendly approach to extracting metals without the need of a smelter.

The battery industry has specific criteria that needs to be met in terms of its materials. For lithium-ion batteries it is necessary for companies to produce a 20 percent cobalt sulfate with limited arsenic. Canada Silver Cobalt Works has been able to demonstrate that its Re-2OX process is capable of producing a battery-grade 22.6 percent cobalt sulfate meeting these industry specifications.

Canada Silver Cobalt Works' portfolio also includes the Beaver and Violet silver-cobalt projects, both past-producers in the Cobalt camp.

Company Highlights

  • A dual-focus silver and battery metals exploration and development company with properties in Northern Ontario and Quebec.
  • In Ontario, the recent discovery of the world’s highest-grade silver deposit at Castle East with the added benefit of a high-grade cobalt byproduct and a mini-mill to process the high-grade silver to produce silver dore bars.
  • Gold exploration planned at the highly prospective Eby-Otto property close to Agnico Eagle’s high-grade gold Macassa Mine near Kirkland Lake.
  • In Quebec, an exciting discovery at Graal of massive sulphides deposits containing high grades of nickel and copper and also with lower grades of cobalt, platinum and palladium.
  • Proprietary Re-2Ox metallurgical extraction ESG-compliant process that has been proven to produce cobalt and nickel sulphates that match the specifications needed by the EV battery manufacturers in Asia.
  • Silver, cobalt, nickel and copper are essential metals in renewable energy technology. Cobalt is used in three of the four main types of lithium-ion electric car batteries, and silver is used in 90 percent of crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells in solar panels. Nickel is used in EV batteries and copper is used for grid and electric car wiring.
  • The company acquired a 10-acre property fronting Highway 11 near Cobalt, ON, to be used as central hub for all of the Company's Ontario and Quebec operations.

Key Projects

Castle Mine – History, Geology and Infrastructure

The 78 square-kilometer Castle cobalt-silver project is located in the historic Gowganda mining camp, 85 kilometers northwest of Cobalt, Ontario. The camp was responsible for more than 50 million ounces of high-grade silver production in the 1900s. Infrastructure on and near the property includes year-round access to roads, water, diesel power, three shafts and an adit.

Two geological trends have been identified on the property including a north-south trending Nipissing diabase intrusive, which is the typical host rock for silver-cobalt-nickel deposits in the area, and a potential gold trend along the Bloom Lake fault.

The project hosts the historical Castle mine, a former silver-cobalt mine that has reportedly produced 300,000 pounds of cobalt and 9.5 million ounces of silver. Historic underground ore grades averaged 25 ounces per tonne silver between 1923 and 1930 and 26 ounces per tonne silver between 1979 and 1989. The Castle mine's previous owner, Agnico Eagle, ceased production in 1989 due to low silver prices (in the range of US$6 per ounce).

The Cobalt camp is primarily comprised of cobalt veins that contain varying amounts of silver. In the past, miners focused on veins that contained high-grade silver and ignored the low-grade silver veins even though they contained high-grade cobalt. Cobalt was not considered important at the time and routine drill core assays only focused on silver content.

Canada Silver Cobalt Works

Despite the past-production at Castle, the property remains largely underexplored and may host several significant high-grade underground cobalt and silver deposits.

Access to Underground Workings

Canada Silver Cobalt Works is the only company in the Cobalt camp to have fully-permitted underground access via an adit. This allows for easy entry into the mine for extracting bulk samples and exploratory drilling to target new discoveries. Access to the underground workings also speeds up the time to production as CCW won't have to spend time establishing the mine adits. Drilling from underground can also be less costly and provides greater probability of success. CCW has mapped previously discovered veins using its extensive database which contains all of the past drilling and mine workings from the early 1900s.

Throughout 2018 and 2019, Canada Silver Cobalt Works conducted underground drilling at the Castle mine. Twenty-five percent of the assayed holes returned high-grade intercepts of 1.77 meters grading 1.05 percent to 3.7 percent cobalt. Additional drilling highlights include:

  • 28 percent cobalt, 261 g/t silver and 1.65 percent nickel over seven meters in hole CA18-001
  • 70 percent cobalt, 4,763 g/t silver, 1.29 percent nickel and 1.19 g/t gold over 2.54 meters in CA18-002
  • 16 percent cobalt and 10,741 g/t silver over 0.60 meters in CA18-003
TTL: Silver Mini-Mill with Bullion Furnace to Produce Silver Dore Bars

TTL: Silver Mini-Mill with Bullion Furnace to Produce Silver Dore Bars

With the goal of realizing the company's vision of becoming a vertically-integrated leader in North America, Canada Silver Cobalt Works has acquired Temiskaming Testing Labs (formerly PolyMet Labs), an ISO-certified lab facility with mineral and precious metals processing located in Cobalt, Ontario.

The 23,000-square-foot facility provides bullion pouring, bulk sampling, commercial assaying and bullion pouring services to mining operations in the area.

The company has poured three 300-ounce silver bars (see below) in a proof-of-concept test at the facility. The test was able to prove that the Castle mine has the potential to produce silver as well as cobalt from the underground and surface waste material and tailings. The pilot plant at the Castle mine separated leaf silver and created a silver gravity concentrate from mineralized waste material. The concentrate and silver leaf were smelted at the lab before forming
Silver Bars

CCW was also able to recover cobalt from the same mineralized waste material using its Re-2OX process. The recovered materials were then sent to SGS Lakefield to produce a cobalt sulfate.

The Re-2OX hydrometallurgical process

The Re-2OX hydrometallurgical process is designed to recover multiple metals and elements from all types of feedstocks with varying chemistries. The process was developed by Canada Silver Cobalt Works CEO Frank Basa – initially in conjunction with the National Research Council of Canada (NRC), Canada's premier scientific research organization and then later through his own refinements.

Re-2Ox Process Flowsheet

Re-2OX Process

In May 2018, Canada Silver Cobalt Works announced that the Re-2OX process had successfully recovered 99 percent cobalt and 81 percent nickel from a composite of gravity concentrates. The process was also successful in removing 99 percent of arsenic, placing the company in a competitive position as battery manufacturers prefer to use cobalt with low arsenic contents.

Cobalt Potential at Beaver

The Beaver silver-cobalt project is located in Ontario's historic Cobalt mining camp, adjacent to the former Timiskaming silver mine and approximately 80 kilometers southeast of the past-producing Castle mine. The project itself includes a former producer, the Beaver mine, which produced 7.1 million ounces of silver and 139,472 pounds of cobalt from 1907 to 1940.

High-grade mineralization has been repeatedly confirmed at Beaver. In 2017, selected hand-cobbed sample material at surface averaged 4.68 percent cobalt, 46.9 g/t silver, 3.09 percent nickel, 46.9 g/t silver and 0.08 g/t gold.

This follows sampling of historical waste rock and tailings at Beaver in 2013 that returned 7.98 percent cobalt, 3.98 percent nickel and 1,246 g/t silver.

Canada Silver Cobalt Works also holds the formerly producing Violet silver-cobalt mine located near the Beaver property in the Cobalt mining camp.

Cobalt rosettes in a quartz-carbonate vein at the Beaver Silver Mine

Cobalt rosettes in a quartz-carbonate vein at the Beaver Silver Mine

Management Team

Frank J. Basa, P. Eng.- CEO and Chairman

Frank Basa has over 28 years' global experience in mining and development as a professional hydro-metallurgical engineer with expertise in milling, gravity concentration, flotation, leaching and refining of silver, cobalt, gold and other metals. He is a member of the Professional Engineers of Ontario and a graduate of McGill University. Basa has been the Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President of Granada Gold Mine Inc. since June 18, 2004.

Mr. Matt Halliday, P.Geo. - President, COO & Director

Mr. Halliday first joined Canada Silver Cobalt late last year from Kirkland Lake Gold where he served as resource geologist. A graduate of Dalhousie University in 2007, Mr. Halliday honed his skills for almost eight years with SGS Geostat, known as global leaders in orebody modelling and reserve evaluation. In 2016 he was part of the SGS team that pushed machine learning into the geological realm and claimed top prize in the $1 million Integra Gold Challenge.

Robert Suttie - CFO

Mr. Suttie currently works with Marrelli Support Services as its President, possessing more than 20 years of experience, ten of which were in public accounting prior to his tenure with the Marrelli organization. Mr. Suttie specializes in management advisory services, accounting and the financial disclosure needs of the Marrelli group's public client base. Mr. Suttie also serves as Chief Financial Officer for a number of other junior mining and technology companies listed on the TSX-V and CSE, leveraging his skills and experience to become integral to the reporting issuers.

Dianne Tookenay, M.P.A. B. Admin - Director

Dianne Tookenay holds a Certificate in Mining Law from the Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, a Joint Masters of Public Administration from the University of Manitoba, a Bachelor of Administration from Lakehead University and Native Band Management and Indian Economic Development Diplomas from Confederation College Applied Arts and Technology. Tookenay's experience, knowledge and deep roots within the First Nation communities will continue to add significant value to Canada Silver Cobalt Works' development efforts over the coming years.

Tina Whyte - Corporate Secretary

Tina Whyte brings over 20 years of experience in the corporate and securities industry. Her expertise spans to areas of corporate governance, continuous disclosure, financing transactions, regulatory filings and compliance. Whyte holds corporate secretary positions with other publicly-listed companies.

Gerhard Kiessling, P. Geo. - Vice President Exploration

Gerhard Kiessling joined Canada Silver Cobalt in 2020 as an exploration geologist and was later promoted to Exploration Manager. Prior to that, he gained valuable geological exploration experience working for several companies across Canada including Agnico Eagle, Kirkland Lake Gold, First Cobalt, and McEwen Mining. He graduated from the University of Waterloo in 2016 with a Bachelor of Science (Honors), majoring in Earth Science. Growing up in northern Ontario, he was surrounded by mining for most of his life. He is a practising member of the Professional Geoscientists of Ontario (PGO).

*Disclaimer: This profile is sponsored by Canada Silver Cobalt Works ( TSXV:CCW ). This profile provides information which was sourced by the Investing News Network (INN) and approved by Canada Silver Cobalt Works in order to help investors learn more about the company. Canada Silver Cobalt Works is a client of INN. The company's campaign fees pay for INN to create and update this profile.

INN does not provide investment advice and the information on this profile should not be considered a recommendation to buy or sell any security. INN does not endorse or recommend the business, products, services or securities of any company profiled.

The information contained here is for information purposes only and is not to be construed as an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of securities. Readers should conduct their own research for all information publicly available concerning the company. Prior to making any investment decision, it is recommended that readers consult directly with Canada Silver Cobalt Works and seek advice from a qualified investment advisor.

Canada Silver Cobalt Works

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